Dissipative Particle Dynamics simulation hydrated Nafion EW 1200 as fuel cell membrane in nanoscopic scale

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, I. R.Iran

2 School of Aerospace, Mechanical, and Mechatronic Eng., The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia

Abstract

The microphase separation of hydrated perfluorinated sulfonic acid membrane Nafion was investigated using Dissipative
Particle Dynamics (DPD). The nafion as a polymer was modelled by connecting coarse grained beads which corresponds to the hydrophobic backbone of polytetrafluoroethylene and perfluorinated side chains terminated by hydrophilic end particles of sulfonic acid groups [1, 2]. Each four water molecule coarse grained in a bead to obtain the same bead size as built in Nafion model. The morphology of hydrated Nafion is studied for branching density of 1144, an example of Nafion EW1200, water content of 10%, 20% and 30% and polymer molecular weight of 5720, 11440 and 17160. The results show water particles and hydrophilic particles of Nafion side chains spontaneously form aggregates and are embedded in the hydrophobic phase of Nafion backbone. The averaged water pore diameter and the averaged water clusters distance were found to rises with water volume fraction.

Keywords


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