Effect of Inserting Coiled Wires in Tubes on the Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer Performance of Nanofluids

Document Type: Original Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Arak University, Arak, I. R. Iran

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, I. R. Iran


In the present study, numerical study of Al2O3-water nanofluid flow in different coiled wire inserted tubes are performed to investigate the effects of inserting coiled wires in tubes on the fluid dynamic and heat transfer performance ofv nanofluids. The numerical simulations of nanofluids are performed using two phase mixture model. The flow regime and the wall boundary conditions are assumed to be laminar and constant heat flux respectively. The effects of inserting coiled wires in tubes on different parameters such as heat transfer coefficient, pressure drop, temperature distribution, velocity distribution and secondary flows are presented and discussed. The results show that using coiled wire in tubes leading to increase in  about 13.44% but increase the Δp about 14.66% with respect to the flow without nanofluid and coiled wire. Similarly, using nanofluid leading to increase in  about 5.52% but increase the  Δp about 8.92%. Finally, using both of the mentioned heat transfer enhancement mechanisms leading to increase in  about 17.51% but increase the value of Δp about 22.86%.


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