C. Yang, J. Wu, H. Chein , S. Lu, Friction characteristics of water, R-134a, and air in small tubes, Microscale Thermophysical Engineering 7(2003) 335-348.
 S. U. S. Choi, Enhancing thermal conductivity of fluids with nanoparticles, American Society of Mechanical Engineers 66 (1995) 99–105.
 X. Wang, X. Xu, S.U.S. Choi, Thermal conductivity of nanoparticle-fluid mixture, Journal of Thermo- physics and Heat Transfer 13(1999) 474-480.
 Y. Xuan, Q. Li, Heat transfer enhancement of nano- fluids, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 21 (2000) 58-6421 (2000) 58-64.
 S. Lee, S.U.S. Choi, Measuring thermal conductivity of fluids containing oxide nanoparticles, Journal of Heat Transfer 121 (1999) 280-289.
 I. Chopkar, S. Sudarshan, P. K. Das, I. Manna, Effect of particle size on thermal conductivity of nanofluid, Metallurgical and Material Transaction 39 (2008) 1535-1542.
 C. H. Li, G. P. Peterson, Experimental investigation of temperature and volume fraction variations on the effective thermal conductivity of nanoparticle suspensions (nanofluids), Journal of Applied Physics 99 (2006) 084314.
 S. K. Das, N. Putra, P. Thiesen, W. Roetzel, Temperature dependence of thermal conductivity enhancement for nanofluids, Journal of Heat Transfer 125 (2003) 567-574.
 T. P. Teng, Y. H. Hung, T. C. Teng, J. H. Chen, Performance evaluation on an air-cooled heat exchanger for alumina nanofluid under laminar flow, Nanoscale Research. Letter 6 (2011) 408.
 P. R. Mashaei, S. M. Hosseinalipour, M.Bah- iraei, Numerical investigation of nanofluid forced convection in channels with discrete heat sources, Journal of Applied Mathematics(2012) 259-284.
 P. R. Mashaei, S. M. Hosseinalipour, M.Bah- iraei, M.Dirani, 3-D numerical simulation of nanofluid laminar forced convection in a channel with localized heating, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Science 6 (2012) 479-489.
 Y.T, Yang, F.H. Lai, Numerical study of flow and heat transfer characteristics of alumina-water nanofluids in a microchannel using the lattice Boltzmann method, International Communication of Heat and Mass Transfer 38 (2011) 607-614.
 H.A. Mohammed, G. Bhaskaran , N.H. Shuaib , R. Saidur, Numerical study of heat transfer enhancement of counter nanofluids flow in rectangular microchannel heat exchanger, Superlattices Microstructure 50 (2011) 215-233.
 C.H. Chen, C.Y. Ding, Study on the thermal behavior and cooling performance of a nanofluid-cooled microchannel heat sink, International Journal of Thermal Science 50 (2011) 378-384.
 E.M. Tokit, H.A. Mohammed, M.Z. Yusoff, Thermal performance of optimized interrupted microchannel heat sink (IMCHS) using nanofluids, International Communication of Heat and Mass Transfer 39 (2012) 1595-1604.
 J. Koo, C. Kleinstreuer, Laminar nanofluid flow in microheat-sinks, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 48 (2005) 2652-2661.
 A. Raisi, and B.Ghasemi, M. Aminossadati, A numerical study on the forced convection of laminar nanofluid in a microchannel with both slip and no-slip conditions, Numerical Heat Transfer-Part A 59 (2011) 114-129.
 M. Kalteh, A. Abbassi , M. Saffar-Avval , J. Harting, Eulerian–Eulerian two-phase numerical simulation of nanofluid laminar forced convection in a microchannel, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 32 (2011) 107-116.
 R. Chein, J.Chuang, Experimental microchannel heat sink performance studies using nanofluids, International. Journal of Thermal Science 46 (2007) 57-6646 (2007) 57-66.
 B. Fani, A. Abbassi, M. Kalteh, Effect of nano particles size on thermal performance of nanofluid in a trapezoidal microchannel-heat-sink, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 45 (2013) 155–161.
 M.I. Hassan, Investigation of flow and heat transfer characteristics in micro pin fin heat sink with nanofluid, Applied Thermal Engineering 63 (2014) 598–607.
 S. Halelfadl, A. M. Adhame, N. Mohd-Ghazalib, T. Maréa, P. Estelléc, R. Ahmad, Optimization of thermal performances and pressure drop of rectangular microchannel heat sink using aqueous carbon nanotubes based nanofluid, Applied Thermal Engineering 62 (2014) 492–499.
 P. K. Singh, P. V. Harikrishna, T. Sundararajan ,S. K. Das, Experimental and Numerical Investigation into the Heat Transfer Study of Nanofluids in Microchannel, Journal of Heat Transfer 133(2011) 701-709.
 J.Y Jung, H. S. Oh, H.Y. Kwak, Forced conv- ective heat transfer of nanofluids in microchannels, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 52 (2009) 466-472.
 C.J. Ho, L.C. Wei, Z.W. Li, An experimental Investigation of forced convective cooling performance of a microchannel heat sink with Al2O3-Water nanofluid, Applied Thermal Engineering 30 (2010) 96-103.
 Y. Lasbet, B. Auvity, C. Castelain, H. Peerhossaini, Thermal and hydraulic performance of chaotic microchannel: application to fuel cell cooling, Heat Transfer Engineering 28 (2007) 795-803.
 G.L. Morini, Viscous heating in liquid flows in micro -channel, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 48 (2005) 3637-3647.
 A. P. Saamito, J. C. Kurnia, A. S. Mujumdar, Numerical evaluation of laminar heat transfer enhancement in nanofluid flow in coiled square tube, Nanoscale Research Letter 6 (2011) 376.
 E.Abu-Nada, Effect of variable and thermal conductivity of Al2O3-water nanofluid on heat transfer enhancement in natural convection, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 30 (2009) 679-690.
 C.T. Nguyen, F. Desgranges, G.Roy, N. Glanis, T. Mare, S. Boucher, H. Angue Minsta, Temperature and particle size dependent viscosity data for water-based nanofluids-hystresis phenomenon, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow 28 (2007) 1492-1506.
 C.H. Chon, K.D. Kihm, Empirical correlation finding the role of temperature and particle size for nanofluid (Al2O3) thermal conductivity enhancement, Applied Physics Letter 87 (2005) 153107-1:153107-3.
 S. Baheri Islami, B. Dastvareh, R. Gharraei, Numerical study of hydrodynamic and heat transfer of nanofluid flow in microchannels containing micromixer, International Communication of Heat and Mass Transfer 43 (2013) 146-154.